Minimally Invasive Surgery
These techniques have become a very common practice among spine surgeons in recent times. There are actually four virtues of the minimally invasive surgeries in the spine that are as follows.
- Very less tissue damage as a result of the surgery
- Clinical outcomes are predictable like reduced blood loss, shorter stays in the hospital and faster recovery after surgery
- High efficiency of the clinics
- Affordable prices
The spine surgeons make use of the minimally invasive surgeries particularly for the degenerative conditions and trauma. Most importantly these surgeries deliver great results in the specific conditions and hence preferably used.
Spine surgery is basically an advanced subspecialty which necessarily relies on quite meticulous motor skills for the very careful manipulation of the vulnerable structures. It is required for the spine surgeons to work with extreme care in the narrow areas surrounded by some of the vital anatomical structures. Additionally, these surgeries involve a lot of time for completion which might cause both physical as well as mental fatigue to the spine surgeons. This is the reason as to why robotic surgery might be a useful option in this regard. Robotic surgery has become popular because of the success achieved in case of the intrapelvic complex surgeries which consisted of oncology, gynaecology etc. In case of the spinal surgeries, robotic surgery is involved in case of pedicle screw fixation and has necessarily achieved successful results. Robotic surgery for spine is still in the infant stage but with the passage of time, it might be evolving as the biggest breakthrough for endoscopic spine surgery.
Additive Manufacturing or 3D Printing
Additive manufacturing or 3D printing is an advancement in the new millennium. This 3D printing allows 3D renderings to become physical objects with the help of a printer that makes use of CAD software and design files that are stereolithographic in nature. This technology of 3D printing has crated a revolution in prototyping which is used both for medical as well as non medical applications. This process has been already applied and has delivered successful results in neurosurgery, orthopaedic surgery, cardiac surgery, spine surgery and in a number of other disciplines as well. The three major areas where additive manufacturing or 3D printing is used for endoscopic spine surgery are as mentioned below.
- Anatomic haptic models for a proper and effective preoperative planning
- An effective surgical guide in cases of pedicle screws’ placement
- Patient based titanium implants for the spinal column reconstruction ion
Since, the endoscopic spine surgery is quite a dangerous one due to the fact of being surrounded by complex anatomic structures. Thus, in these surgeries the 3D printing guides can be necessarily safe, accurate as well as effective and hence a preferred option in case of the complex spine surgeries.