Idea About Kidney Transplant
A kidney transplant is basically a surgical procedure wherein a healthy and functioning kidney from a living or deceased donor is placed into a person whose kidneys are damaged or not functioning properly. We all know that the kidneys are a vital part of the excretory system of the human beings that filters the harmful levels of fluid and accumulated wastes in the body. At the time when the two bean shaped organs located on either side of the spine just below the ribcage fails to perform its filtering duties results in the rise of the blood pressure and finally ending up in a kidney failure which also referred to as end stage renal disease or end stage kidney disease. This is said to occur at the time when kidneys have lost about 90 percent of their functionality which brings in the need of a kidney transplant.
Common Causes of End Stage Renal Disease That Needs a Kidney Transplant
Some of the most common causes of failure of the kidneys which requires a kidney transplant as their best solution are as follows.
- Diabetes is one of the major causes which hinders the functionality of the kidneys and ultimately resulting in its failure.
- Uncontrolled and chronic high blood pressure is another of the major cause of losing functionality of the kidneys.
- The occurring of inflammation of the small filters inside the kidneys known as the glomeruli and eventually resulting in their scarring is another of the major reason of the failure of the kidneys. This condition is referred to as chronic glomerulonephritis.
- Polycystic kidney disease might also result in the hindering the functionality of the kidney ultimately resulting in its damage.
The individuals with end stage renal disease requires to have all the wastes removed from their bloodstream artificially with the help of a machine which is known as dialysis or they require to have a kidney transplant for staying alive.
Types of Kidney Transplant
There are three main types of kidney transplant that we come across which are as discussed below.
1. Deceased-donor kidney transplant
As it can be understood from the name of the procedure, the healthy kidneys from a donor who is deceased are transplanted into a patient whose kidneys are damaged.
2. Living-donor kidney transplant
In this case, the donor of the kidney is living and one kidney is taken out and placed into the patient with damaged kidneys.
3. Pre-emptive kidney transplant
In this procedure, the kidney transplantation is done before the kidney function completely deteriorates to the point of the need of dialysis for the purpose of the replacement of the normal filtering function of the kidneys. This is the most preferred type of kidney transplant for the end stage kidney diseases.
Reasons for Opting Kidney Transplant
A kidney transplant is most generally a treatment of choice at the time of kidney failure as compared to a lifetime on dialysis. The transplantation of the kidney is able to effectively treat chronic disease of the kidneys with the glomerular filtration rate less than or equal to about 20 ml per minute along with end stage renal disease for helping the affected individual to feel better and live for long without problems. As compared to dialysis, kidney transplant has the following benefits which is why it is a preferred option.
- Quality of life is much better.
- Risk of death is significantly lowered.
- Dietary restrictions are much lower.
- The overall treatment cost is much lower.
Thus, it can be clearly understood why kidney transplant is the most preferred option as compared to dialysis in case of a kidney failure.