Liver ICU

HEPATOBILLIARY DEPARTMENT

At Gujarat Kidney & Super Speciality Hospitals, we provide wide-ranging care for the entire range of liver diseases for patients from all over the country.

LIVER CLINIC

The liver is one of the most vital organs of our body that plays a key role in nurturing and protecting your body.

COMMON CONDITIONS OF LIVER

Some of the most common diseases of the liver are Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C are caused by viruses that attack the liver. There are certain other conditions of the liver which are caused as a result of external conditions.

HEPATITIS A

WHAT IS HEPATITIS A

Hepatitis A is a serious disease that is caused by a virus which attacks the liver and results in its inflammation.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS A

Common symptoms include weakness, headache and fever as well as diarrhea, stomach cramps and jaundice.

CAUSES OF HEPATITIS A

  • Drinking contaminated water
  • Not washing your hands after changing a diaper
  • Having oral or anal sex with an infected person

DIAGNOSIS OF HEPATITIS A

Blood tests are used to detect the presence of Hepatitis A in your body.

WHAT DOES A POSITIVE TEST RESULT INDICATE?

A positive test result indicates that the patient has either had a past infection or is at present infected.

WHAT DOES A NEGATIVE TEST RESULT INDICATE?

A negative test result means the patient is not infected with Hepatitis A.

HOW IS HEPATITIS A TREATED?

It gets better in a few weeks without any specific treatment.

HOW CAN I AVOID GETTING HEPATITIS A?

Get Hepatitis A vaccine to prevent Hepatitis A.

HEPATITIS B

ABOUT HEPATITIS B

Occurs in both rapidly developing (acute) and long-lasting (chronic) forms, and is one of the commonest chronic infectious diseases worldwide.

WHAT IS INTENDED BY HEPATITIS B CARRIER?

A person who is chronically infected with the Hepatitis B virus is called a “carrier” of the virus.

WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS B?

Acute illness with fatigue and loss of appetite and their skin and eyes turn yellow.

IN WHAT WAY DOES THE HEPATITIS B VIRUS SPREAD?

A person who has acute Hepatitis B or who is a carrier, can spread the Hepatitis B virus to other people through his/her blood and other body fluids or by sexual contact.

WHO CAN GET HEPATITIS B?

People at risk of getting such illness include:

  • Men or women who have multiple sexual partners.
  • People who abuse drugs by injection.

HEPATITIS B DIAGNOSIS

Hepatitis B is diagnosed through blood tests. The tests will show a completely negative result, a positive antibody test (anti-HBs) or a positive antigen test (HBsAg)

TREATMENT FOR HEPATITIS B

There are two types of treatment now available: interferon-alpha and direct inhibitors of the virus, such as Lamivudine or Adefovir.

IS HEPATITIS B A PREVENTABLE DISEASE?

You can avoid Hepatitis B by

  • Getting the Hepatitis B vaccine
  • Adopting safe sex practices

HEPATITIS C

ABOUT HEPATITIS C

Inflammation of the liver caused by infection with HCV is referred to as Hepatitis C.

SYMPTOMS OF HEPATITIS C

Fatigue, jaundice, abdominal and joint pain, nausea and loss of appetite

HEPATITIS C VIRUS TRANSMISSION

The most common means of transmission is through injection drug use, sharing contaminated needles or any drug-related equipment or through a blood transfusion

DOES ONE GET HEPATITIS C FROM HAVING UNPROTECTED SEXUAL INTERCOURSE

The rate of transmission by sexual contact is considered to be very low.

 HOW DO I KNOW IF I HAVE HEPATITIS C?

Hepatitis C can only be diagnosed through blood tests.

WHAT HAPPENS IF I TEST POSITIVE?

Physician will do a follow-up blood test to see the liver condition.

CAN I HAVE CHILDREN OR BREASTFEED IF I HAVE HEPATITIS C?

The risk of passing Hepatitis C to your newborn is about 5%. Cesarean section is not recommended and breastfeeding may be allowed.

WHAT MUST I DO TO PROTECT OTHERS?

  • Refrain from sharing razors, nail clippers and toothbrushes.
  • Never donate blood.

CIRRHOSIS

WHAT IS CIRRHOSIS OF THE LIVER?

Cirrhosis is a chronic, degenerative disease in which normal liver cells are damaged and are then replaced by scar tissue.

SYMPTOMS OF CIRRHOSIS

  • Loss of appetite.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fatigue.

WHAT HAPPENS AS LIVER FUNCTION DECREASES?

Fewer proteins such as albumin are produced resulting in fluid accumulation in the legs or abdomen.

WHAT PROBLEMS ARE RELATED WITH THE LATER STAGES OF CIRRHOSIS?

Towards the later stages of Cirrhosis, jaundice occurs and gallstones are more common.

MAJOR CAUSES OF CIRRHOSIS

  • Viral infections caused by chronic viral Hepatitis.
  • Chronic alcoholism.
  • Metabolic diseases.

HOW DO BABIES DEVELOP CIRRHOSIS? CAN THEY BE TREATED?

Children may be born with Biliary Atresia, a condition caused by absent, blocked or injured bile ducts. New ducts can be surgically formed in some cases. Transplantation is required in other cases.

CIRRHOSIS DIAGNOSIS

  • Physical examination.
  • CT scan.
  • Ultrasound.

TREATMENTS FOR LIVER CIRRHOSIS

Treatment for cirrhosis cannot turn around liver damage, but it can slow or stop progression of the disease, reduce liver cell damage and decrease complications.

WHEN IS A LIVER TRANSPLANT INDICATED FOR CIRRHOSIS?

A liver transplant is considered when complications cannot be controlled by treatment.

HOW CAN I PREVENT LIVER CIRRHOSIS?

  • Stay away from alcohol abuse, IV drug use, and unprotected sexual intercourse.

Alcoholic Liver Disease Clinic

At our Alcoholic Liver Disease Clinic, we manage patients and provide necessary medical care, the families are also given counseling and support.

Cirrhosis Clinic

The liver team at our Cirrhosis Clinic provides comprehensive care to patients through liver cancer screening.

Fatty Liver Clinic

The clinicians work with Metabolic Centre and Nutritionists to design a treatment program for patients with Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease.

HEPATOBILLIARY DEPARTMENT

We provide comprehensive and complete care for the entire spectrum of liver diseases for patients from all over the country and abroad.

DIVISION OF HEPATO BILIARY PANCREATIC SURGERY

In the Division of Hepato Biliary Pancreatic Surgery patients can find solutions for simple to the most complex problems.

PANCREATIC SURGERY

The Division of Pancreatic Surgery offers patients solutions for simple and complex problems

LIVER ICU

The Liver Intensive Care Unit in Gujarat Kidney & Super Specialty Hospital, Vadodara is a dedicated 12 bedded advanced critical care unit

TEAM

Our team is quite experienced in managing complex problems and multiorgan dysfunction associated with liver disease.

LIVER ICU MODEL

Gujarat Kidney & Super specialty Hospital follows up to date evidence-based protocols to treat all complex medical conditions.

High dependency Unit

High Definition Unit is a step-down Intensive Care Unit to care for patients whose body functions need to stabilize.

Infrastructure

At Gujarat Kidney & Super Specialty Hospital, services are delivered at world-class standards and the facility is equipped with state-of-the-art technology.

TREATMENT MODALITIES

  • Circulatory Support
  • Ventilatory Support
  • Renal Replacement
  • Management of Acute Liver Failure, decompensated chronic liver disease and complications of portal hypertension, severe sepsis/septic shock, Acute Pancreatitis and complications of chronic pancreatitis, complex hepatology patients, hepatobiliary surgical patients, trauma/polytrauma
  • Liver transplantation
  • Assessment for major surgery
  • Short stay and Peri-operative Care
  • Interventional Radiology
  • Therapeutic endoscopy for massive gastrointestinal bleed
TOP